To eat fruit, your blood sugar concentration should meet the following standards
Otherwise, please use cucumbers, tomatoes, etc. instead of fruits. The standard is: fasting blood sugar is controlled below 140mg/dl, 2 hours postprandial blood sugar is controlled below 180mg/dl, glycated hemoglobin is controlled below 7.5%, and there is no frequent hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia.
Time to eat fruit
Fruit is generally eaten as a snack, that is, in the middle of two main meals (such as 10 am or 3 pm) or an hour before bedtime, which can avoid overloading the pancreas with too many carbohydrates at one time. It is generally not recommended to eat fruit immediately before or after a meal.
The amount of fruit eaten
According to the effect of fruit on blood sugar, about 200 grams of fruit can be eaten every day (which can provide about 90 kcal of calories), and at the same time, the staple food should be reduced by half (25 grams), which is the food equivalent exchange method. The total calorie intake remained the same.
Selection of fruits
When choosing fruit, many patients think that “unsweet” fruit can be eaten more, but in fact, whether sweet or sour, fruit contains a certain amount of glucose and fructose, and glucose and fructose cannot be judged by eating sour level of content. Diabetic patients should choose more fruits with low glycemic index to help keep blood sugar stable.
The carbohydrate content of various fruits is 6% to 20%. Fruits that are relatively low in sugar and raise blood sugar slowly should be chosen. Different diabetics may have different sensitivity to fruit sugar, and they can make choices based on their own practical experience.
What fruits can diabetics eat? The amount of sugar in fruits varies, so choose carefully. Let’s take a look at the sugar content of some fruits.
(1) Fruits with a sugar content of less than 10 grams per 100 grams include green plums, watermelons, melons, oranges, lemons, grapes, peaches, plums, apricots, loquats, pineapples, strawberries, sugar cane, coconuts, cherries, olives, etc. people can choose.
(2) Fruits with a sugar content of 11-20 grams per 100 grams of fruits include bananas, pomegranates, pomelo, oranges, apples, pears, lychees, mangoes, etc., so they must be carefully selected.
(3) Dates and red fruits, especially dried dates, candied dates, dried persimmons, raisins, dried apricots, longan, etc., with a sugar content of more than 20 grams per hectogram, should not be eaten.
Many vegetables can be eaten as fruits, such as tomatoes, cucumbers, vegetable melons, etc. The sugar content per 100 grams is less than 5 grams, and they are rich in vitamins. They can completely replace fruits and are suitable for diabetics.